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HEALTH

1. SEGMENT : Social health and hygene investments

 2. PURPOSE: The spending of the profits existed by commercial investments, for free rehabilitiation of health problems and fixing of hygene conditions in Africa.

3. SLOGAN: Hygene is for health and healthier people are the primary factors of sustainable growth.

4. COORDINATION UNIT : Profesör Dr Courfia Keba Diawara, Arouna Kouassi

 5. SHORT TERM PROJECTS:

A-  Water Sanitation

6. SOCIAL IMPACTS: Development of healthier society, adoptation

7. COMMERCIAL IMPACTS: Lower health expenses, mitigation.

8. STRATEGY: Hi-Tech, Research & Development.

WATER SANITATION

1ST PROGRAM: ( Sister Project ) KEUR MARIAMA PROJECT A FLUORINATED WATER PURIFICATION   

Destination

Kaolack region / Rural community of Ndiaffate 

Description of the Problem

High fluorine in drilling water, looking for a treatment adapted by tight nanofiltration. 

Overall Objective

Distribution in drinking water in each village served by the drilling. 

Target Groups

2,000 people in 9 localities.  

Steering Committee:

1) Fr Marie Joseph DOL ( Chairman of Steering Committee / CARMES SENEGAL )

KEUR MARIAMA BP 214 KAOLACK SENEGAL

Tél. portable : (221) 76 654 64 64 & (221) 77 824 12 65

marie-joseph@carmel.asso.fr prieur@carmessenegal.org

www.carmessenegal.org www.lettrecarmesmidi.org 

2) Fr Luc Marie PERRIER (CARMES SENEGAL ) 

3) Jean Luc SAOS ( Hydrogeolog Consultant / Verseau Development ) 

4) Prof. Courfia Diawara ( UCAD/Dakar University- Ziguinchor & ABC Water Committee Director for West Africa ) 

5) Michelle FARCY( Pall Company-France ) 

6) Adrien SENGHOR ( CARITAS Kaolack ) 

Justification of the Project

The problem: Extensive drilling of the region of the Saloum in Senegal distribute water with a very strong fluorine content, that can generate the fluorose dental and bone. This public health issue affects many drilling not only in Senegal, but in other countries of Africa (Niger, Mali, etc.) and of the world.

Adapted to the local situation and inexpensive treatment is possible by tight nanofiltration. Keur Mariama drilling was chosen as a pilot project, to then be extended by extensive drilling replication.

An experimental station of nanofiltration of Keur Majumder has given very good results (98% retention of fluorine and 95% abatement in conductivity.)

The current project is to pass from the experimental stage to execution of 2 stations of filtration with 2 networks to bring water filtree in the villages served by the drilling.  

Water quality

Characteristics of Water before filtration: Ndiafatte drilling water contains 5 mg/l of fluorine agenda and therefore exceed the maximum level of 1.5 mg/l recommended by WHO

It contains also about 400 mg/l of chloride and sodium which exceeds the criteria of acceptability and taste also recommended by who (respectively 250 mg/l and 200 mg/l). 

Characteristics of water after filtration : The solution is to purify the water by reverse osmosis low pressure (also called nanofiltration). Once treated, the water meets the potability guidelines recommended by who. Purified water is disinfected before distribution to guard against contamination of water during its storage or distribution.

The solution is to purify the water by reverse osmosis low pressure (also called nanofiltration). Once treated, the water meets the potability guidelines recommended by WHO. Purified water is disinfected before distribution to guard against contamination of water during its storage or distribution  

The two-unit capacity

Connected to photovoltaic generator, each unit can produce up to 4000 litres of clean, drinking per day and up to 12000 liters water when it is running on the network or a generator.

The Pall Aria Pure system also includes batteries that allow standalone operation and temporary when sunshine is insufficient (morning, evening, cloudy weather) or in case of emergency. 

Costs of water

Our minimize the cost of treatment, only the drinking and cooking water is processed .

Price of the raw water distributed to the hydrant: 10 FCFA bathes (25 l)

Price of filtered water fountain specific Terminal: 50 FCFA the 20-litre can. 

Budget and Financing

Overall cost of the project: €220,000

corresponding to:

-Infrastructure (units, solar panels, spare parts kits, work, distribution networks).

-Support activities (outreach, batteries that allow operation training).

-Costs of implementation of the project (preliminary studies, provisional filtration driver), missions, coordination, transport, mounting, set en route.

-Administrative fees.

Cost of a filtration unit with solar panels: €33,700 TTC 

PEPAM BA / Belgian Cooperation : 30 %

OBRA MAXIMA Association ( n.g.o ): 27 %

Private Donations: 13 %

Local input values: 11 %

Manos Unidas : 9 %

Pall Company : 8 %

Others : 2 %

LINK-1- (pdf )

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